Scientific articles are written works that present general facts and are written according to a good and correct writing methodology. Artikel Ilmiah can be in the form of original articles, mini reviews, reviews, and short communications / notes / comments. In general, scientific writing has a structure consisting of article title, author’s name and email address, abstract, introduction, data, writing/research method, conclusion, discussion, conclusion, and references.
Scientific work has the following characteristics:
1. Objective, meaning that even though the existence of the phenomenon under discussion is different from one of the scientific fields, the content of a scientific work can only be developed in the conditions of its actual existence for others.
2. Makes sense, this is important because it serves as a vehicle for mutual criticism of what is being discussed.
3. Be careful (restrain yourself and don’t overdo it), be honest and straightforward, and don’t involve any personal motives or interests.
4. Scientific articles have a formal language style, so they only focus on science and do not use casual language style.
5. The link to the source is accompanied by a clear identification of the source.
1. Article Title
This title should be catchy and provocative. The title section should describe a content or finding to be discussed, not in the form of an abbreviation and without the name of the object or location where the research was carried out.
2. Abstract (Research Summary)
The digest is an overview and is a brief description that contains the problems, objectives, methods, results, and conclusions. The digest is made to make it easier for the reader to quickly understand the contents of the thesis in order to decide whether it is necessary to read further or not. Problems and objectives are presented in the introduction, methods are explained from the research path, research results, and conclusions. Therefore, the digest generally consists of 3 paragraphs and is not more than 1 (one) page (250 characters) long and is typed 1 (one) space. The digest is written in 2 languages, namely Indonesian and English.
3. Keywords (Keywords)
Keywords or keywords are important in making scientific articles. This concept is in the form of words or phrases, arranged from specific to general. Keywords or keywords are important words in research. In keywords or keywords do not have to be contained in the title and in the abstract.
The introduction is expected to attract attention and convince the reader of the importance of research. This section contains background information on the problem under study, a literature review as a basis for conducting research literature, and the introduction should be objective.
5. Research methods
In this research method, the writer should highlight how to analyze the data under study instead of how to collect data. The research method contains a description of research materials or materials, tools, the course of research, variables, data to be collected, and analysis of results.
6. Results and Discussion
The results and discussion contain strong arguments, sharpness of analysis, presentation of data that supports the discussion, and critical comparisons with other studies.
This conclusion should answer the research objectives and strengthen the research results without any new discussion. And the conclusion also contains research implications to find out the benefits that have been generated by conducting the research.
The bibliography only contains the literature or references used in the preparation of scientific articles. It does not need to be the same as the bibliography or references contained in scientific research reports. This section contains the literature used in the research proposal document. Writing a bibliography follows the Harvard system and is sorted according to the alphabetical order of the first author’s last name. It should be noted that the bibliography contains a list of textbooks or scientific articles/journals that support research.
Here are some tips for writing good and correct articles that you can use:
1. Determining the subject matter and how to write it
The first tip is to determine the subject and how to write it first. How to write a successful and meaningful scientific article, of course, begins with identifying the topic and choosing the appropriate and appropriate writing method for the subject. It would be better if the subjects and methods chosen were sufficiently mastered by the self-claimed authors of this scientific article to make it easier for them in the future
2. Prepare figures and tables.
Do not allow scientific articles to present scientific information and presentations solely for descriptive content. You can also add pictures and tables or charts to support your presentation model, making information more efficient and easier to read. How to make a research paper with this interactive model presentation will make your research paper clear and easy to understand.
3. Write your findings
This section answers the question “What did you find?” Therefore, only representative research results should be presented. And that will be included in the “discussion” section later. Most importantly, do not include links in this section. We’re announcing our results, so we can’t send anyone else here. Recommendations to others should be included in the discussion section, as we are discussing the consequences.
4. Presentation of Discussion Results
This section describes what has been learned in the research. You should write a research discussion, but you should not rewrite your findings. Here you should compare the results published in the journal link with your own (using some of the links included in the introduction).
5. Explain clearly your research findings
This section shows how your research contributes to the advancement of modern science. In some journals, this section is a separate section. The conclusion, on the other hand, is in the last paragraph of the discussion. Without clear conclusions, it will be difficult for readers to determine whether your scientific work and journal are worthy of publication. Conclusions can be drawn in general or specifically with respect to the objectives contained in the introduction.
6. Write a persuasive introduction
This is an opportunity to convince readers of the merits of this study. You must cite original and significant work, including recent research papers.